How to care sensitive skin | 5 Important Points

A Complete Guide to Nurtifying and Protecting Sensitive Skin

Having sensitive skin can often feel like walking on a tightrope. You’re constantly balancing between nurturing your skin and protecting it from potential irritants. This complete manual is designed to help you understand, manage, and care for sensitive skin effectively. We’ll delve into various aspects of sensitive skin, such as causes, symptoms, effective skincare routines, lifestyle changes, and when to seek professional help.


Sensitive skin is not a disease a doctor can diagnose but rather a common condition characterized by irritation, discomfort, and adverse reactions to substances others find harmless. It’s important to note that these reactions are not due to allergies but rather an overactive immune response. Understanding the nature of sensitive skin can help us devise a suitable care routine.

What is Sensitive Skin?

Sensitive skin is a secular term, preferably a medical diagnosis. It is commonly used to represent skin with decreased tolerance to makeup or skincare products. People with sensitive skin may react to certain ingredients, leading to skin issues such as redness, rashes, dry patches, itching, burning, and stinging. The severity of these signs can range from gentle to severe and may appear directly after product application or even hours later.

Causes and Symptoms of Sensitive Skin

A combination of factors can induce sensitive skin. Some people naturally have sensitive skin due to genetic predisposition. Others may develop sensitivity due to environmental factors, such as vulnerability to harsh climate conditions, pollution, or allergens. Certain lifestyle factors, including diet, stress, lack of sleep, and improper skincare routines, can also lead to skin sensitivity.

The symptoms of sensitive skin include redness, itching, burning, dryness, and flaking. Various factors can trigger these symptoms, including skincare products, makeup, fragrances, cleaning products, and certain fabrics. It’s important to note that these triggers can vary significantly from person to person. What causes a reaction in one person may not cause a response in another.

Understanding Your Skin Type

Understanding your skin type is one of the first steps toward effective skin care. While all skin requires some care to maintain health and vitality, sensitive skin demands special attention to avoid discomfort and potential damage.

How to Determine if You Have Sensitive Skin

If you have sensitive skin, you likely already know it. The signs often include quick reactions to new products, resulting in redness, burning, or itching. You might also notice that your skin dries quickly, especially in cold, dry weather. However, self-diagnosis can sometimes be tricky as these symptoms can also indicate other skin conditions. Therefore, if you suspect that you have sensitive skin, it’s advisable to consult a dermatologist for a proper evaluation.

The Different Types of Sensitive Skin

According to Dr. Lewis, sensitive skin can generally be divided into four main types: naturally sensitive, environmentally sensitive, reactive, and thin. Understanding these types can help tailor a skincare routine that addresses your needs.

Allergic Skin

Allergic skin reacts to certain substances or conditions that most people tolerate without problems. This reaction can be immediate or may take a few hours to develop. Common triggers include certain foods, dust mites, pet dander, pollen, mold, and certain skincare products.

Naturally Sensitive Skin

This skin type is naturally prone to irritation and can react negatively to certain substances and environmental conditions. People with naturally sensitive skin often have a family history of allergies, asthma, or atopic dermatitis.

Environmentally Sensitive Skin

Environmentally sensitive skin reacts to environmental factors such as sunlight, wind, heat, cold, and pollution. This skin type can also be affected by indoor conditions, such as dry air from heating or air conditioning.

Nurturing and Protecting Sensitive Skin

Once you’ve identified your skin type and potential triggers, you can build a skincare routine that nurtures and protects your skin. This involves choosing the right skincare products, knowing which ingredients to look for and which to avoid, and understanding how to cleanse, moisturize, and protect your skin adequately.

Choosing Right Skincare Products

Regarding sensitive skin, the mantra “less is more” usually applies. Opt for effects with fewer components to minimize the chance of irritation. Look for products labeled as ‘fragrance-free’ or ‘for sensitive skin.’ Always patch-test a new product before applying it to your face or body. Apply a small amount to a discrete skin area and wait 24 hours to see if any reaction occurs.

Ingredients to Look For

Seek out products that contain soothing and hydrating ingredients. Some to consider include aloe vera, chamomile, green tea extract, rose water, hyaluronic acid, ceramides, peptides, and niacinamide. These ingredients can help calm inflammation, soothe irritation, and provide deep hydration to the skin.

Ingredients to Avoid

On the flip side, several ingredients commonly found in skincare products can cause irritation or allergic reactions in sensitive skin. These include fragrances, preservatives, colorants, sulfates, alcohols, and certain acids. If you see these on an ingredient list, avoiding that product is probably best.

Building a Routine for Sensitive Skin

Building a skincare routine for sensitive skin requires patience and consistency. Here’s a simple guideline to follow:


Choose a gentle, fragrance-free cleanser like the Fresh Soy Face Cleanser. It’s essential to cleanse your skin twice daily to extract dirt, oil, and cosmetics that can clog pores and induce irritation. However, avoid over-cleansing as it can strip the skin of its crude oils and generate dryness and irritation.


Hydration is vital for sensitive skin. After cleansing, apply a hypoallergenic, non-comedogenic moisturizer like EltaMD PM Therapy Facial Moisturizer or SENTÉ Dermal Repair Cream. These products will help restore the skin barrier, lock in moisture, and reduce inflammation.

Applying Sunscreen

Sunscreen is necessary for susceptible skin types, as it can be more vulnerable to sun harm. Look for a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of undersized 30. EltaMD UV Clear Broad-Spectrum SPF 46 is an excellent choice, specifically formulated for sensitive and acne-prone skin.

Dealing with Common Sensitive Skin Issues

How to care sensitive skin | 5 Important Points

Sensitive skin can often be prone to specific skin illnesses such as eczema, rosacea, and psoriasis. Understanding these conditions can help you manage them effectively.

Eczema and Dermatitis

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a regular skin condition characterized by dry, itchy, red patches of skin. It’s common in people with sensitive skin. Eczema can be managed with regular moisturizing, avoiding triggers, and using prescription creams or ointments when necessary.


Rosacea is a skin disease that generates redness and visible blood vessels in the face. It can flare up for weeks to months and then diminish. Rosacea can be managed with prescription medications, laser treatments, and lifestyle changes, such as dodging triggers like hot drinks, spicy foods, alcohol, and extreme temperatures.


Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition denoted by red, scaly patches of skin. It’s supposed to be an immune system problem. Treatments include steroids, vitamin D3 cream, ultraviolet light, and immune system-suppressing medications.

Lifestyle Changes for Improving Sensitive Skin

Besides using the right skincare products, making specific lifestyle changes can go a long way in managing sensitive skin.

Diet and Nutrition

A nutritious diet can assist in nourishing your skin from the inside out. Include lots of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. Avoid processed foods, sugar, and alcohol, which can trigger inflammation.

Exercise and Stress Management

Regular practice can improve circulation and strengthen the resistant system, leading to healthier skin. However, sweat can irritate sensitive skin, so shower and change into clean clothes immediately after working out. Also, stress can exacerbate skin issues, so locating methods to manage stress, such as meditation, yoga, or other relaxation techniques, is crucial.

Proper Hydration

Consuming plenty of water can assist in keeping your skin hydrated from within. Aim for at least eight glasses a day. In addition, avoid long, hot showers as they can rob the skin of its crude oils, leading to dryness and irritation.

Professional Treatments for Sensitive Skin

While good skin care and healthy lifestyle habits can significantly improve sensitive skin, professional help is sometimes needed. If your skin continues to react negatively despite your best efforts, it may be time to see a dermatologist.

When to See a Dermatologist

If you’re experiencing persistent redness, itching, burning, or other signs of skin irritation, it’s recommended to seek professional help. A dermatologist can accurately diagnose your skin condition, identify potential triggers, and prescribe appropriate treatments.

Medical Treatments and Procedures

Depending on your skin condition and symptoms, a dermatologist may suggest topical creams, oral medications, or procedures like laser therapy or microdermabrasion. Remember, what works for one person may not work for another, so following your doctor’s recommendations and maintaining open communication about what’s working and what’s not is essential.

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Caring for sensitive skin requires patience, understanding, and a commitment to a consistent skincare routine. The goal should always be to nurture your skin, protect it from potential irritants, and seek professional help when needed.

Final Thoughts on Caring for Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin, with its unique challenges, requires special care and attention. But with the proper knowledge, tools, and practices, you can effectively manage this condition and enjoy healthy, comfortable skin. Remember, everyone’s skin is different, so it’s

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